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Badia, Tomás

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 1807 San Feliú de Saserra (Vich)/Spain, member of O.P. 1825, priest, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Isauropolis 19.01.1842, consecrated 26.02.1843 in Pulo-pinang, consecrator Mons. Courvezy [1], several sources assume, that he became Coadjutor of Fokien on 19.01.1842, but during that time, Bishop Miguel Calderón was Coadjutor of Fokien. One source (Planchet 1916:232) assumes: "Il fut vicaire provincial ( 1835-1841 ), et sacré évêque d’Isauropolis à Poulo-Pinang vers Mars 1842, comme coadjuteur de l ’Archevêque de Manille, Mgr Segui.", died 01.09.1844 Macau [2]

 

Bai Ningxian, John


Born 20.01.1921, priest 20.06.1951, consecrated 07.05.1997, consecrator Zhong Huai-de [3]

 

Baima, Giulio


Born (unknown date), member of O.F.M., priest, nominated Apostolic Administrator of Changsha 1930, emeritus or died 1933 [4]

 

Balconi, Lorenzo

  

 

(Fotos: (1) Archive Kierein (2) Archive Kierein, with permission of PIME-Archive)

 

Born 04.08.1878 Milano, member of P.I.M.E. 1898, priest 22.12.1900, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Mylasa and Apostolic Vicar of Hangchung 18.02.1928, consecrated 17.05.1928 in Kinkiakang, consecrator Mons. Belotti, emeritus 00.03.1934, General Superior of P.I.M.E. 1934, nominated Tit.-Archbishop of Gerapoli di Frigia 03.08.1939, died 10.04.1969 Milano [5]

 

Baldus, Jean Henri

Born 26.01.1811 Ally (St. Flour), member of C.M. 11.06.1829, priest 00.03.1834, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Zoara and Apostolic Vicar of Honan Settentrionale 02.03.1844, consecrated 19.10.1845 in Lientcheou, consecrator Mons. Laribe, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Kiangsi 1865, died 29.09.1869 Kioukiang [6] 


Balluère, Jean-François Martin de la

Born in France, member of M.E.P., priest, nominated Apost. Vicar of Se-Ciuen 1713, died (without consecration) 1715 [6a]

 

Banci, Ezechias

 


(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 22.01.1833 Semproniano (Sovana-Pitigliano), member of O.F.M. 1854, priest 1857, Apost. Pro-Vicar of Hu-Pè Occiduo-Settentrionale 1870-71, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Halicarnassus and Coadjutor of Hunan 06.05.1871, consecrated 15.05.1872, consecrator Mons. Navarro, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Hu-Pè Occiduo-Settentrionale 30.09.1879, died 08.10.1903 Fan-tzeng [7]

 

Bantia, Niccolo da

Born (unknown date), member of O.F.M., priest, nominated Bishop 23.07.1307, consecrated, consecrator Cardinal Giovanni Minio da Morrovalle [8], died (unknown date) in India [9]

 

Barosi, Antonio

(Source: santiebeati)

Born 23.11.1901 Solarolo Rainerio (Cremona), member of P.I.M.E., priest 05.10.1925, nominated Apostolic Administrator of Kaifeng 1940, died 19.11.1941 (assassinated) Dingcun [10]

 

Barracciu, Berardo

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 23.07.1884 Aristanei (Cagliari), member of O.F.M.Conv. 1899, priest 27.01.1907, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Ankang 26.02.1932, died 03.09.1940 Hinangfu (during a japanese bombing) [11]

 

Bartolomeo (the Elder)

Born (unknown date), member of O.F.M., priest, nominated Archbishop of Khanbaliq 25.04.1448, consecrated, died (unknown date) [12]

 

Bartolomeo (the Younger)

Born (unknown date), member of O.F.M., priest, nominated Archbishop of Khanbaliq after 1456, consecrated, died (unknown date) [13]

 

Basset, Jean

Born 1662 Lyon, member of M.E.P. 1684, priest 08.1686, Apost. Pro-Vicar of Se-Ciuen since 1702, died December 1707 Canton [13a]

 

Bassi, Assuero Teofano

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 19.09.1887 Cesa Val di Chiana (Arezzo), member of S.X. 1905, priest 23.01.1910, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Loyang 09.01.1930, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Tabe and Apostolic Vicar of Loyang 28.01.1935, consecrated 28.04.1935 in Loyang, consecrator Mons. Zanin, nominated Bishop of Loyang 11.04.1946, died 08.11.1970 Piacenza [14]

 

Baudry, Stanislas Gabriel

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

27.11.1887 Pommeraie (Angres), member of M.E.P., priest 28.09.1913, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Isauropolis and Apostolic Vicar of Ningyuanfu 18.03.1927, consecrated 30.10.1927 in Chengtu, consecrator Mons. Rouchouse, nominated Bishop of Xichang 11.04.1946, died 06.08.1954 Paris [15]

 

Baumeister, Ludwig

Born 21.06.1894 Dülmen (Münster)/Germany, member of M.S.C. 1921, priest 09.08.1925, nominated Superior Shihtsien 11.11.1932, emeritus 02.12.1937, died 04.08.1946 Shihtsien [16]

 

Bax, Jacques

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 26.06.1824 Weelde (Mechelen)/Belgium, priest 17.12.1853, member of C.I.C.M. 1863, nominated Apostolic Pro-Vicar of Mongolia 22.05.1871, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Adrasus and Apostolic Vicar of Mongolia 22.10.1874, consecrated 02.06.1875 in Siwantze,  consecrator Mons. Moccagatta, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Mongolia Centrale 11.12.1883, died 04.01.1895 Si-ying-tse [17]

 

Belotti, Flaminio

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 09.02.1874 Serina (Bergamo), priest 08.10.1899, member of M.E.M. 09.09.1907, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Sufetula and Apostolic Vicar of Honan Meridionale 14.06.1917, consecrated 06.01.1918 in Hanchwang, consecrator Mons. Menicatti, emeritus 29.03.1938, died 23.11.1945 Grumello del Monte [18]

 

Benavente, Alvaro de

(Foto: Institutum Historicum Augustinianum)

Born October 1647 Salamanca, member of O.S.A. 30.10.1663, priest, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Ascalon and Apostolic Vicar of Kiangsi 20.10.1699, consecrated 30.05.1700 in Nanking, consecrator Mons. della Chiesa, died 20.03.1709 Macau [19]

 

Bermijn, Alphonse

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 03.01.1853 St. Paul de Waes (Gent), Belgium, priest 10.06.1876, member of C.I.C.M. 04.03.1878, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Stratonicea and Apostolic Vicar of Mongolia Occiduo-Meridionale 15.04.1901, consecrated 26.01.1902 in Peking, consecrator Mons. Bruguière, died 16.02.1915 Kangfangyintze [20]

 

Bernardo

Born (unknown date), member of O.F.M., priest, nominated Archbishop of Khanbaliq before 1456, consecrated, died (unknown date) [21]

 

Berneux, Siméon-François

(Foto: Wikipedia)

Born 14.05.1814 Château-du-Loir (Le Mans), priest 20.05.1837, member of M.E.P. 15.07.1839, in 1854 Rome accepted the wish of Bishop Verrolles to nominated Berneux to Coadjutor of Manciuria and nomination to Tit.-Bishop of Capse, but instead of China the Pope nominated him on 15.07.1854 Apost. Vicar of Corea, consecrated 27.12.1854 in Cha-ling, consecrator Mons. Verrolles, died 08.03.1866 Sai Nam-hte/Seoul (beheaded), Beatification 06.10.1968, Canonization 06.05.1984 [21a]

  

Berutti, Tommaso

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 11.11.1888 Salussola (Biella), member of S.J. 1909, priest 07.09.1922, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Cusae and Apostolic Vicar of Pengpu 19.12.1929, consecrated 08.06.1930 in Biella, consecrator Mons. Garigliano [22], emeritus 1933, died 21.01.1975 [23]

 

Besi, Ludovico Maria conte de

Born 16.10.1805 Verona, priest 04.04.1829, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Canopo and Apostolic Vicar of Chantung 03.09.1839, addional nominated Administrator of Nanjing 19.12.1839, consecrated 14.03.1841, consecrator Mons. Salvetti, emeritus 09.07.1848, nominated Apostolic Delegat for Argentina 09.07.1850, died 08.09.1871 Desenzano del Garda [24]

 

Bianchi, Lorenzo

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 01.04.1899 Corteno (Brescia), member of M.E.M. 1920, priest 23.09.1922, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Coma and Coadjutor of Hongkong 21.04.1949, consecrated 09.10.1949 in Hongkong, consecrator Mons. Valtorta, nominated Bishop of Hongkong 03.09.1951, emeritus 30.11.1968, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Sorres 30.11.1968, died 14.02.1983 Brescia [25]

 

Biet, Félix

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 21.10.1838 Langres, member of M.E.P. 1862, priest 10.01.1864, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Diana and Apostolic Vicar of Lhassa 23.07.1878, consecrated 24.11.1878 in Leang-ho-keou, consecrator Mons. Pinchon, died 09.09.1901 St. Cyr au Mont d’Or [26]

 

Bili, Pascal

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 21.01. or 21.06.1835 Ricorboli (Firenze), member of O.F.M. 1853, priest 1859, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Gratianopolis and Apostolic Vicar of Hu-Pè Occiduo-Settentrionale 20.11.1876, consecrated 22.07.1877 in Ku-tzeng, consecrator Mons. Volonteri, died 12.05.1878 Chayüankow [27]

 

Bitterli, Timotheus Franz Xaver

(Foto: Inkama Abbey)

Born 12.05.1905 Rohr (Basel)/Switzerland, member of O.S.B. 11.10.1928, priest 06.03.1932, nominated Apostolic Administrator of Tokwon/North Corea 09.05.1952, additional nominated Apostolic Administrator of Yenki 09.04.1954, additional nominated Apostolic Administrator of Hamhung/North Corea 10.03.1963, emeritus Administrator of Hamhung 22.05.1981, emeritus Administrator of Tokwon and of Yenki 04.10.1985, died 07.06.1990 Waegwan (Corea) [28]

 

Blettery, Laurent

Born 03.03.1825 Saint-Bonnet-des-Quarts (Lyon), priest 30.05.1850, member of M.E.P. 30.06.1858, Apost. Pro-Vicar of Se-Ciuen Orientale 1867-90, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Zela and Apost. Vicar of Se-Ciuen Orientale 02.09.1890, declined the nomination and resigned 17.08.1891 (without consecration), died 25.09.1898 Tchong-king [28a]

Blois, Jean Marie Michel

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 18.09.1881 Machecoul (Nantes), member of M.E.P. 18.09.1904, priest 29.06.1905, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Lambaesis and Apostolic Vicar of Manciuria Meridionale 29.12.1921, consecrated 28.05.1922 in Moukden, consecrator Mons. Demange [29], nominated Archbishop of Moukden 11.04.1946, died 18.05.1946 Moukden [30]

 

Boisguérin, René Désiré Romain

(Foto: Archive Kierein)

Born 29.10.1901 Falaise (Bayeux), member of M.E.P. 1920, priest 29.06.1928, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Celendris and Apostolic Vicar of Suifu 10.01.1946, nominated Bishop of Suifu 11.04.1946, consecrated 17.05.1946 in Suifu, consecrator Mons. Derouineau, emeritus 1983, died 13.02.1998 [31]

 

Borgniet, André-Pierre

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 14.02.1811 Mainz/Germany, priest 1835, member of S.J. 1845, nominated Apostolic Pro-Vicar of Nanking 02.04.1856, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Berissa and Apostolic Vicar of Kiang-nan 02.04.1859, consecrated 02.10.1859 in Shanghai, consecrator Mons. Mouly, died 30.07.1862 Tchang-kia-tchoang (Tcheli) [32]

 

Botras, Nicholas de

Born (unknown date), member of O.F.M., priest, nominated Archbishop of Khanbaliq 19.10.1333, consecrated, consecrator Cardinal Annibaldo [33], died 1338? [34]

 

Bourgain, Joseph

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 15.04.1872 Portel (Arras), member of M.E.P. 1891, priest 28.06.1896,nominated Tit.-Bishop of Archelaus and Apostolic Vicar of Kientchang 04.04.1918, consecrated 10.11.1918 in Ningyuanfu, consecrator Mons. Budes de Guébriant, died 30.09.1925 Yunnanfu [35]

 

Boyer, Joseph André

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 18.06.1824 Aix-en-Provence, priest 14.06.1851, member of M.E.P. 1854, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Myrina and Coadjutor of Manciuria 13.04.1886, consecrated 16.08.1886 in Ingtse, consecrator Mons. Dubail, died 08.03.1887 Pa-ing-sou [36]

 

Bray, Geraud

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 04.12.1825 Cyran/Siran (St.Flour), member of C.M. 13.12.1850, priest 21.05.1853, Apost. Pro-Vicar of Mongolia 1865-66, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Lagania and Apostolic Vicar of Kiam-si settentrionale 15.03.1870, consecrated 20.11.1870 in Kiou-kiang, consecrator Mons. Guierry, died 24.09.1905 Kiou-kiang/Kiangsi [37]

 

Breher, Theodor Hermann

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 21.08.1889 Ottobeuren (Augsburg)/Germany, member of O.S.B. 08.10.1911, priest 16.07.1915, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Yenki 05.02.1929, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Hierion and Apostolic Vicar of Yenki 13.04.1937, consecrated 05.09.1937 in Yenki, consecrator Mons. Gaspais, nominated Bishop of Yenki 11.04.1946, died 02.11.1950 Windach (Car accident) [38]

 

Brellinger, Leopold

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 27.07.1893 Ebelsberg (Linz), member of S.J. 14.08.1913, priest 28.06.1923, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Kinghsien 04.05.1939, nominated Bishop of Kinghsien 09.01.1947, consecrated 20.04.1947 in Peking, consecrator Mons. Zhao Zhengshen, expelled from China 20.07.1954, died 18.09.1967 Taoyuan/Taiwan [39]

 

Brollo, Basilio

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 25.03.1648 Gemone (Venezia), member of O.F.M. 1670, priest 1674, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Chansi-Chensi 25.10.1696, died 16.11.1704 Sanyüan [40]

 

Bruguière, Jules

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 12.08.1851 Nant (Rodez), member of C.M. 17.12.1874, priest 26.05.1877, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Cinna and Apostolic Vicar of Ce-Li Meridio-Occidentale 28.07.1891, consecrated 13.12.1891 in Tchengtingfou, consecrator Mons. Sarthou, died 19.10.1906 Shanghai [41]


 

Brulley de la Brunière, Maxime de la

Born 18.06.1816 Sartrouville (Versailles), member of 26.05.1840 M.E.P., 19.12.1840 priest, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Tremithus and Coadjutor of Manciuria 1946, died 31.07.1846 (murdered) Island of Waite, near Nikolaief/Sibiria (without consecration) [41a]

 

Buchholz, Mathias

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 25.03.1903 Aachen/Germany, member of M.S.C. 1922, priest 07.04.1927, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Shihtsien 10.12.1937, expelled 1952, emeritus 1983, died 12.08.1991 Bethlehem (PA)/USA [42]

 

Buddenbrock, Theodor

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 12.06.1878 Lippramsdorf (Münster)/Germany, member of S.V.D. 1901, priest 24.02.1905, nominated Apostolic Administrator of Kansu 1923, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Issus and Apostolic Vicar of Kansu 25.11.1924, consecrated 07.06.1924 in Yenchowfu, consecrator Mons. Costantini, nominated Archbishop of Lanchow 11.04.1946, died 18.01.1959 Süchteln [43]

 

Budes de Guébriant, Jean-Baptiste

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 11.12.1860 Paris, member of M.E.P. 14.09.1883, priest 05.07.1885, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Eurea and Apostolic Vicar of Kientchang 12.08.1910, consecrated 20.11.1910 in Suifu, consecrator Mons. Chouvellon, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Canton 28.04.1916, emeritus 1921, nominated General Superior of M.E.P. 21.03.1921, nominated Tit.-Archbishop of Marcianopolis 10.12.1921, died 06.03.1935 Paris [44]

 

Bulté, Henri

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

Born 18.11.1830 Hericourt (Arras), priest 1854, member of S.J. 1861, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Botra and Apostolic Vicar of Ce-Li Meridio-Orientale 23.02.1880, consecrated 29.06.1880 in Shanghai, consecrator Mons. Garnier, died 14.10.1900 Tchang-kia-tchang [45]

 

Buocher, Jean-Antoine

Born 07.08.1701 Porto Ferraio/Elba, member of O.F.M., priest before 5.8.1731, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Rosalia and Coadjutor of Chansi-Chensi 21.01.1752, consecrated 16.12.1753, consecrator Mons. Piloti, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Chansi-Chensi 20.12.1756, emeritus 1760, died 05.11.1765 Macau [46]

 

Burger, Nathaniel Johann Heinrich

Born 01.03.1733 Kulmain (Bavaria), member of O.F.M., priest, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Delconensis and Apostolic Vicar of Chansi-Chensi 11.01.1777, nominated Coadjutor of Nanking 20.07.1778, consecrated 18.10.1778 in Sianfu, consecrator Mons. Magni, died 28.08.1780 Taiyuan [47]

 

Bürke, Alois


(Foto: with the courtesy of Archive Missionshauses Bethlehem)

Born 07.01.1908 Bernhardzell (St.Gallen)/Switzerland, member of S.M.B 27.10.1929, priest 14.04.1935, nominated Apostolic Pro-Prefect of Tsitsihar 1948, expelled 1953, emeritus 1983, died 23.06.1988 Immensee [48]

 



[1] Jean-Paul Courvezy, MEP (1792-1857), since 1841 Apost. Vicar of Malacca-Singapore
[2] See Perraud, Eubel 7:226, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:121; Planchet 1916:232, Planchet 1917:233, according to Bibl.Miss. nominated  Coadjutor in 1843; according to Eubel the consecrator was Bishop Pallegoix (Jean-Baptiste Pallegoix, MEP, 1805-1862, since 1841 Apost.  Vicar of Eastern Siam (today Archdiocese of Bangkok); according to Perraud he died 10.09.1844
[3] See Politi 2010:47
[4] See Perraud
[5] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.13:453, Annuario Pontificio
[6] See Perraud, Eubel 7:403, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol 12:102; http://ricci.rt.usfca.edu/biography/view.aspx?biographyID=247; according to Eubel nominated Apost. Vicar of Kiangsi  23.09.1864
[6a] See Planchet 1917:207, website catholic-online,
[7] See Perraud, Eubel 8:298; Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:611; Planchet 1917:191, according to Eubel he was nominated Apost. Vicar 23.09.1879; according to Bibl. Miss. he died  22.11.1903
[8] Giovanni Minio da Morrovalle, OFM. (ca.1250-1312), since 1302 Cardinal-Bishop of Porto
[9] See Perraud, Robson 2006:111, http://users.bart.nl/~roestb/franciscan/franauta.htm; See Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.4:59
[10] See http://www.pime.org/it/presentazione/barosi.htm; http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/93556
[11] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):55, according to Bibl. Miss. he was born in Oristano
[12] See Perraud, Gams 1873:126, according to Gams he was nominated Archbishop 15.04.1448
[13] See Perraud
[13a] See Planchet 1917:207,  Website kath-info, Website Archives de Missions Étrangères de Paris, according to both websites he was Apost. Pro-Vicar of Kiam-si 1692-93, but the Apost. Vicariate of Kiam-Si [Kiangsi] was erected in 1696.
[14] See Perraud,  Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):516
[15] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):250, according to Bibl.Miss. born  in La Pommeraie-sur-Sèrve, Diocese Lucon
[16] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (1):424
[17] See Perraud, Eubel 8:76, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:503; according to Eubel nominated Apost. Vicar of Mongolia 23.10.1874; according to Eubel he was consecrated 06.06.1875; according to Bibl.Miss it could be possible that he died in Nanhaochan
[18] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.13:706; according to Bibl.Miss. he retired in 1936
[19] See Perraud, www.bautz.de, Institutum Historicum Augustinianum
[20] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:596; according to Bibl. Miss born 02.08.1853
[21] See Perraud
21a] See catholic-hierarchy.org, Website Archives de Missions de Étrangères de Paris, Wikipedia,
[22] Giovanni Garigliano (1872-1936), since 1911 Bishop of Biella/Italy
[23] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (1):460
[24] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:191, Eubel 7:131, http://ricci.rt.usfca.edu/biography/view.aspx?biographyID=285,

[25] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):173, Website Diocese of Hongkong (http://archives.catholic.org.hk/In%20Memoriam/Clergy-Brother/L-Bianchi.htm) 
26] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:387
[27] See Perraud,  Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:358, Eubel 8:291; according to Eubel nominated Tit.-Bishop 19.12.1876
[28] See http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bbitterli.html, http://www.inkamana.org/ohio/bishops.htm#Bitterli
[28a], See Planchet 1917:211, website catholic-hierarchy, website Archives des M.E.P.,
[29] Florian Jean Démange, M.E.P. (1875-1938), since 1911 Apost. Vicar of Taiku  (Corea)
[30] See Perraud, Eubel 9:217
[31]See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):252, Annuario Pontificio
[32] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:287, Eubel 8:291; according to Eubel nominated Apost. Vicar 24.05.1859,
[33] Annibaldo di Ceccano (ca.1280/82-1350), since 1327 Cardinal, since 1333 Cardinal bishop of Frascati
[34] See Perraud, Eubel 1:158, Gams 1873:126; according to Eubel he was nominated 18.09.1333; according to Gams he was archbishop until 1338
[35] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):254
[36] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:485, Eubel 8:337, according to Eubel he was consecrated 15.08.1886
[37] See Perraud, http://ricci.rt.usfca.edu/biography/view.aspx?biographyID=1738, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:325; Eubel 8:337, Planchet 1917:80, Van den Brandt 1936:62, according to Perraud he was consecrated on 30.11.
[38] See Perraud,  http://www.inkamana.org/ohio/bishops.htm#Breher
[39] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (1):466, Santos Hernandez 2000:249, https://vimeo.com/94828564
[40] See Perraud, http://ricci.rt.usfca.edu/biography/view.aspx?biographyID=1446,  Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.5:874; according to Ricci he died on 16.7.1704, according to Bibl. Miss. he died 10.3.1710
[41] See Perraud, Annuario Pontificio; Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:611, Eubel 8:205; Van den Brandt 1936:83, according to Eubel he was nominated 29.07.1891
41a] See catholic hierarchy.org, Website Archives de Missions Étrangèresde Paris
[42] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (1):425, wikipedia
[43] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.13:563
[44] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.13:118, Planchet 1917:219
[45] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:662, Eubel 8:154; according to Bibl.Miss he was born 08.11.1830; according to Eubel he was nominated Apost. Vicar 23.03.1880; according to  Bibl.Miss he died in Sienhsien
[46] See Perraud, http://ricci.rt.usfca.edu/biography/view.aspx?biographyID=314
[47] See Perraud, Eubel 6:193, Gams 1873:126, Krahl 1964:292, www.bautz.de/bbkl/b/burger_n.shtml; according to Eubel he was Coadjutor and not Apost. Vicar of Chansi-Chensi; according to Perraud he was nominated Tit.-Bishop 20.08.1778; according to Eubel he died in 1784
[48] See Perraud, Missionshaus Bethlehem Archiv